Split holiday - Split holiday apartments and houses

Aerial photo Split
Aerial photo Split

Split is a city and port in Central Dalmatia. It is situated on a peninsula between the eastern part of the Gulf of Kastela and the Split Channel. A hill, Marjan (178m), rises in the western part of the peninsula. The ridges Kozjak (780m) and Mosor (1330m) protect the city from the north and northeast, and separate it from the hinterland. Split has the Mediterranean climate: hot dry summers (average air temperature in July reaches 26 °C/78,8 °F) and mild, humid winters (average annual rainfall is 900mm). Split is one of the sunniest places in Europe: the average daily insolation during the year is about 7 hours (in July about 12 hours). Vegetation is of the evergreen Mediterranean type, and subtropical flora (palm-trees, agaves, cacti) grows in the city and its surroundings. Marjan is covered with a cultivated forest.

Development of steam-shipping, construction of railroad connections with the hinterland before and between the World Wars, and particularly industrialization underlie the economic prosperity and increase of the population in Split. Split is a business, administrative and cultural centre of Dalmatia. Apart from shipbuilding industry, other manufacturers include processing of plastic masses, cement industry, food and other products. Vegetable, fruit and flowers are grown in the surroundings. Split is an important Croatian port in terms of passenger and goods traffic. It is the centre of the maritime connections with the ports on the coast and the islands and terminal railway station of the rail connections with the hinterland. Ferries operate regularly between Split and the central Dalmatian islands, as well as to Ancona in Italy. Ship connections are established, except with the islands, with Pula, Venice, Dubrovnik and Greece. The airport of Split is situated in Resnik (Kastela).

Panorama Split
Panorama Split

Split has four marinas: Split ACI Marina in the north-western part of the City Port; the sports boats pier Spinut on the northern coast of Marjan; the sports boats marina Poljud in the Poljud Port; the sports boat pier Zenta on the eastern coast of Split. Split ACI Marina has 500 berths in the sea and accommodates 100 vessels on the land. Open throughout the year. The City Port of Split in the centre of the city is used only for passenger and ferry traffic.

Split has many cultural and educational institutions and schools: the University of Split (established in 1974), the theatre, museums, galleries, institutes, and recently a specialized UN institution for protection of environment in the Mediterranean (Regional Activity Centre for the Priority Actions Programme).The Spit Summer, a cultural event (open-air operas, plays and concerts), as well as music performances (Melodies of the Croatian Adriatic, Split Festival of Pop Music) take place every year. Split disposes of a variety of sports facilities, swimming pools and piers for sports boats and similar. Both stationary and transit tourism record a permanent increase. New port, hotel and tourist facilities have been constructed. The coves within the city offer several public beaches.

Grgur Ninski Statue
Grgur Ninski Statue

Split is not only an urban, cultural and traffic centre of Dalmatia with road and sea connections to Dalmatia's numerous summer resorts, but it is itself often a tourist and excursion destination. A city with a 1700-year old tradition, a variety of archaeological, historical and cultural monuments, among which the well-known Palace of Diocletian, inscribed into the UNESCO World Heritage List, certainly occupies a special position, and the warmth and offer of a modern Mediterranean city. The palace is almost exactly square in shape, its side walls being about 200 metres in length, and in Diocletian’s time it was actually surrounded by high walls. The value of that location is best proven by the fact that its space has been inhabited almost continuously from his time onwards, and that it is still the centre of life of the largest town in Dalmatia.

The present-day cathedral of St.Domnius, patron saint of Split, built in the 7th century, is located in Emperor Diocletian’s Mausoleum, and due to this function its interior has been furnished with a valuable sacral inventory. In front of the entrance a grand Romanesque bell tower was built in the 12th century. Its splendid interior is still a place of worship for the faithful, and a place of attraction for tourists. In front of the cathedral is the Peristil where the populace once demonstrated their loyalty to Diocletian, while today it is a popular gathering place for the faithful and tourists alike.

Diocletian’s Palace is now a venue for theatre productions, for Dalmatian klapas, and this is also where the people of Split live their everyday lives. In its immediate vicinity are monuments to famous Croats, such as the protector of the Croatian language, Bishop Grgur Ninski (Gregory of Nin), and “Father of Croatian literature” Marko Marulic. One can depart the walls of the palace through any one of four gates: the Iron Gate, Golden Gate, Silver Gate - leading towards the Split Pjaca (the main square), or the Brass Gate, which take one through palace cellars to the Split waterfront. Here by the sea, it’s that the citizens of Split and their guests’ best like to congregate.

Center of Split
Center of Split

Numerous valuable cultural monuments are also to be found beyond the palace walls. A special place among them belongs to Prokurative, the neo-Renaissance square alongside the western wall of the palace. This is where the annual festival of Dalmatian chansons, lauding the love that the citizens of Split have for beautiful songs takes place. There are, of course, other beautiful buildings and churches to be seen in Split, but also on Mount Marjan, known as the city’s green lungs. 

The first detailed tourist guide through the town and its surroundings, published in 1894, bears witness to the long tourist tradition in Split. To be able to grasp the historical significance of the city, one should first visit the museums of Split: the Museum of Croatian Archaeological Monuments - a capital Croatian cultural project, established in 1893 in Knin; the Archaeological Museum from 1820, one of the oldest in Croatia; the Treasury of the Split Cathedral, including a valuable collection of religious art; the Ethnographic Museum, founded in 1910; the Museum of Marine History; the Museum of Natural Science; the Art Gallery, established in 1931, the Collection of the Franciscan Monastery in Poljud, the Mestrovic Gallery, and other are also worth visiting.

Split is a major sports centre (the 1979 Mediterranean Games) with many famous and popular sports clubs and competitors. There are also many sports facilities for recreational purposes. The sports offer includes almost all types of water and other sports, from football, basketball and tennis to mountain climbing and rifle-shooting, water skiing and rowing.

Old town Split
Old town Split

Worth visiting is Marjan Forest Park, the green oasis the citizens of Split have been proud of for generations, carefully maintained and cherished. The park includes promenades, vista points, solariums, nature paths, playgrounds and the Split zoo. A marvellous view is offered from the top of Marjan on the old and new parts of Split. It takes only 15 minutes of pleasant walking to reach Marjan from the historical core of Split through the old quarter Varos. The Marjan stairway, running along the crest of the hill, leads to another, higher top of Marjan, Telegrin, with a vista point offering prospect on the Split peninsula, Kozjak, Mosor, the Kastela Gulf, Salona and Klis, Trogir and Ciovo, and the islands of Solta, Brac, Hvar and Vis. The southern cliffs of Marjan represent in recent times a very good training ground for mountaineers and free climbers, who gather here every April on the occasion of the traditional Marjan Cup.

Split has a variety of restaurants and wine cellars, offering domestic specialities. There are many beaches and public beaches in the city and its surroundings, the most popular of them being Bacvice, a sand beach almost in the very heart of the town.

The cultural and entertainment offer of Split is extremely rich, particularly in the summer, when the city squares, yards and other areas turn into a large open-air stage. The Split Summer, a traditional festival in the middle of the summer season, includes dramas, operas and concerts (from mid-July to mid-August). The Split Saturday Nights are de-voted to classical music. Split also hosts pop-music events, the Art-Summer, folklore shows, the folk feast Day of Radunice, and many others. Major cultural events during the year are the Days of Marulic (in April), the Book of the Mediterranean (in October), and the traditional events include the Day of the Holy Cross, the Flowers Show, the Ball of Split, wine show and other. The Day of St.Doimus (Duje), who is the patron saint of the city, is commemorated on the 7th of May.

Split has several theatres, among which the Croatian National Theatre, established in 1893, deserves a special mention as a house hosting theatrical festivals, the Split Summer and the Days of Marulic. There is also the Youth Theatre, and the Split Puppet Theatre.

Planning to spend your next vacation in Split? Spend your holiday in Split in one of our holiday apartment Split or vacation house Split. Find appropriate accomodation and book online here

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